New Delhi . The government has set a target of 20 per cent ethanol blending in petrol in the next two years, which will help the country reduce dependence on costly oil imports. The government had earlier set a target of 20 percent ethanol blending in petrol by 2025, but now it has been increased to 2023. In such a situation, the public can get some relief from buying expensive oil soon. Last year, the government had set a target of 10 per cent ethanol blending in petrol by 2022, then increasing the ethanol blending amount to 20 per cent by 2030. Earlier this year it was shifted to 2025 instead of 2030 and now it has been shifted to April, 2023.
India’s third largest oil importer
India is the world’s third largest oil importer and relies on foreign suppliers for 85% of its demand. To achieve the required target, 10 billion liters of ethanol would be required.
Here are the benefits of ethanol-
The use of ethanol produces 35% less carbon monoxide. It also reduces carbon monoxide emissions and sulfur dioxide. Apart from this, ethanol also reduces the emission of hydrocarbons. Ethanol contains 35% oxygen. Using ethanol fuel reduces nitrogen oxide emissions.
Ethanol is a type of fuel, the use of which reduces pollution. Cars can also be driven with this fuel. Ethanol is a type of alcohol, which can be mixed with petrol and used as fuel in vehicles. It is mainly produced from sugarcane crop.
Ethanol is an eco-friendly fuel and protects the environment from the hazards caused by fossil fuels. It gives a higher octane number at a lower cost and acts as an alternative to dangerous fuels like MTBE. It also takes the heat out of the engine.